Citizens often perceive government as capital "G" Government, not distinguishing the federated and decentralized nature of public agencies.
To millions of American public employees, who look out from within where they are positioned within a specific agency, the perspective is much different. Public employees are well-aware of the "bureaucracy" and the substantial amount of coordination that happens between departments, agencies, and jurisdictions.
Being immersed within government, it is common knowledge where operational boundaries exist. Being outside government, the boundaries aren't as clear. At times, the boundaries can become frustrating experiences. For example, a Business Owner may need to interact separately with 2 or more public agencies on the way to incorporating a business.
The decentralized architecture of government often manifests Conway's Law, which asserts an organization's internal structure gives shape to its external products or services. Thus, it has been common for government to offer services that appear disjointed to a citizen. A citizen is forced to navigate a government's non-intuitive internal structure from the outside.
But there are alternatives.
Think of a large organization like Wal-Mart, who have hundreds of stores across the United States; yet have highly coordinated operations, both within a store and across their stores, including online. It is well-known that Wal-Mart has used that coordination as a strategic advantage, both driving down costs and improving customer service.
Wal-Mart has focused on unifying the user experience for their customers, in order to provide a better experience for customers.
In time, it makes sense for government to do more to unify its interface for citizens. The "jobs to be done" framework is a user-centered lens that aligns products and services in support of what the user needs accomplished. When public services begin to embody a user-centered approach, it is evident that what citizens need doesn't necessarily align with the internal structure of government.
Nearly every Business Owner needs a Business License, a fictitious business license, procurement information, tax information, HR information, and more. And the Business Owner is required to navigate department to department, or agency to agency to track down how to do this basic, common work. And these processes often vary jurisdiction to jurisdiction. The burden on businesses is very high. The efficiency in government is relatively low.
There is a lot of good work going on at all levels of government (local to federal) and across countries to develop a more user-centered approach to service delivery. Yet, there is a long way to go toward unifying the interface to government, in which public services can be readily discovered and transacted on in an efficient, productive, and fair way. Jurisdictions who deliver on user-centered experiences for citizens will find themselves more competitively fit to serve citizens and business alike.